Photo:  A Klepsydra (waterclock) used to time…


A Klepsydra (waterclock) used to time speeches in the Athenian courts. Original in front with replica above showing the flow of water out of the top pot into the lower one.

🇬🇧 Klepsydra

The water clock, or klepsydra, probably developed in response to the shortcomings of the sundial, namely the inability of the sundial to work when there was no sun and to maintain a constant division of time.



Yunan uygarlığında kullanılan su saati. Atina mahkemelerinde konuşma yapan kişilerin konuşma sürelerini belirlemek gibi amaçlarla kullanılmıştır. Güneş saatinin olmadığı durumlarda ya da güneş olmadığı zaman dilimlerinde de kullanılmış olabilirler.

Photo:  Roman Egypt Coptic Linen Textile Frag…


Roman Egypt Coptic Linen Textile Fragment, Circa 4th-5th Century AD.

🇬🇧 Linen

Alexander Severus was the first emperor who wore a linen shirt ; but the use of so necessary a garment did not become common till long after him. Linen was not worn by Jews, Greeks, or Romans, as any part of their ordinary dress.

🇹🇷 Keten

Antik dönemde kullanılan keten. Alexander Severus, keten gömlek giyen ilk imparatordu; ancak bu kadar gerekli olan bir tekstil ürününün kullanılması, ancak onun giymesinden sonra yaygın hale geldi.

🇹🇷 Hypomiones Sparta’daki fakir vatanda…



Sparta’daki fakir vatandaş sınıfı. Seçimlerde sadece oy kullanmalarına izin verilen, köle olmayan adamlar ve oğullarından oluşurdu. Seçkin vatandaş sınıfı ise hem oy kullanma hem de seçilme hakkına sahipti.



The poorer class of citizens at Sparta. They consisted of freemen and their sons, who were only allowed to vote at elections; while the Homoii, or superior class of citizens, were qualified hoth to vote and to be elected.

queenvictorias: history meme | women 2/10 Oct…


history meme | women 2/10

Octavia, byname Octavia Minor, (born c. 69 BCE—died 11 BCE) was the daughter of Gaius Octavius and his second wife, Atia, a niece of Gaius Julius Caesar. Before 54 BC Octavia was married to Gaius Marcellus, by whom she had two daughters, Marcella Major and Marcellia Minor and a son, Marcus Claudius Marcellus. On the death of Gaius Marcellus in 40 she was married to Mark Antony, who at the time was ruling the Roman state with her brother Octavian and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus. At first this marriage helped to reduce tensions between Antony and Octavian, and when the two rulers quarreled in 37, Octavia brought about peace between them, which resulted in the Treaty of Tarentum. But in 36 Antony left Italy to command troops in Parthia and while in the East resumed his liaison with the Egyptian queen Cleopatra. Although Octavia brought troops and money to him (35), he refused to see her, and in 32 he obtained a divorce. Octavia was a faithful wife and mother who raised Antony’s children by Cleopatra along with her own children, including his two daughters with Antony, Antonia Major and Antonia Minor. After the death of her son Marcellus (who was considered Augustus’s heir) in 23, she withdrew from public life. The Porticus of Octavia in Rome is named for her.    for @bisexualkraken <3

Image:  The Chariot Race by Alexander von Wag…


The Chariot Race by Alexander von Wagner

🇹🇷 Essadarii

Essada adı verilen savaş arabaları ile savaşan gladyatörlere verilen isim.

🇬🇧 Essadarii

Roman gladiators, who fought from their chariots, called esseda.

Standing bull, 1st millennium B.C., from Sou…

Standing bull, 1st millennium B.C., from
Southwestern Arabia. Medium: Bronze

Bronze castings of large sculptures, as well as smaller objects, were
made through most of the first millennium B.C. and the early centuries
A.D. in southwestern Arabia. Among the types of animal images, bulls—a
symbol of strength and potency—are the most common and can be found on
funerary stelae, seals, and sculptures of the period.

The Met

sansaregina: HISTORY MEME | five queens: jua…


HISTORY MEME | five queens: juana of castile  

“Juana defended Charles from the comuneros, not because she believed in the holy imperial project but because Charles was her son and heir. She saved his political life in Spain at the expense of her own, but there is not a shred of evidence to support the view that she intended to immolate herself upon the dynastic altar. Juana was often conflicted and suffered from mood swings, but this did not extend to a wish for pious withdrawal from the world. Isabel was always her true north. As the daughter of the Catholic Kings, she too had hoped to share in government and longed to engage with political affairs, which she invariably referred to as ‘hers’. In public protective of her father and her son, she was, in private, disillusioned, enraged and embittered. Until her death, she struggled for her freedom, understood in terms of the rights to preside an independent royal household and to consult with her subjects on her own account.“ – Gillian B. Fleming, Juana I: Legitimacy and Conflict in Sixteenth-Century Castile

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!