Photo:  Parthenon and its Doric columns. …

Photo: 

Parthenon and its Doric columns.

🇬🇧 Doric

A style of architecture used on mainland Greece and in the western Mediterranean with the plainest of capitals and a simple column with no pedestal or base and a distinctive echinus and abacus. The order was distinguished by being the earliest and simplest. The fluted columns had a diameter-to-height ratio of one to eight, and the frieze was alternating triglyphs (triple groove) and metopes (brow). It was named after the tribe of the Dorians.

🇹🇷 Dorik

Dor düzeninde yapılmış yapıları ve ayrıntıları tanımlamak için kullanılan sözcük. Yunanistan ana karasında ve Akdeniz’in doğusunda yoğunlukla kullanılmıştır. Dor sütunları kalındır. Düz ve yuvarlak sütun başları süssüz ve sadedir. Abaküs adı verilen kare biçimli taş bir tabla sütun başıyla saçaklık arasında bağlantıyı oluşturur. Abaküs’ün işlevi sütunun sağladığı desteği yaymaktır. Dor düzeninde sütun kaidesi yoktur, sütun gövdeleri doğrudan doğruya zemin üzerine oturtulmuşlardır. Sütun gövdesi yalındır ve üzerinde, yukarıdan aşağıya doğru diklemesine uzanan ve fazla bir derinliği olmayan yirmi sütun yivi vardır.

http://www.archaeologs.com/w/doric

Polish archeologists claim discovery of oldest…

Polish archeologists claim discovery of oldest church in Egypt – Egypt Independent:

A church dating back to the fourth century has been unearthed near Alexandria by polish archaeologists who claim that it might be the oldest church discovered in Egypt, The First News reported.

The discovery is based on research conducted by a team from the University of Warsaw’s Center of Mediterranean Archaeology since 2000, alongside intensive fieldwork.

The mission’s discoveries in Alexandria also include a burial chapel and the largest collection of ceramics excavated in Egypt yet, according to The First News.

The polish team had been excavating a Basilica, which they believed had operated from the fifth century well until the eighth century, when they uncovered the ancient church buried beneath it.

“At the end of the last research season, under the floor of the basilica, we encountered a wall’s remains, which turned out to be the outer walls of an even older church,” Krzysztof Babraj, who headed research work on the basilica told The First News.

Babraj explained that there are no other church remains have been found in the area so far, making this a significant discovery.

Thousands of fragments of the old church have been excavated underneath the discovered Basilica. The church had been devastated by an earthquake, leaving behind nothing but scattered glass, ceramic and limestone wall ruins, according to The First News.

Babraj said that they will resume their research, with the discovery of this church as just the beginning.

Ancient Patara Lighthouse to be rebuilt with o…

Ancient Patara Lighthouse to be rebuilt with original stones in southern Turkey’s Antalya:

The restitution project has been completed for the Patara Lighthouse, which was initially constructed in 64 A.D. in the ancient city of Patara, located in the Kaş district of southern Turkey’s Antalya province, and now the ancient structure will be reconstructed on its original stones.

The original stones used in the construction of the lighthouse located in what was once the capital of the ancient Lycia region were unearthed during the ongoing excavation works in the region, Turkish daily Hürriyet reported Thursday.

Havva Işık, the professor who will be leading the archeological works on the lighthouse noted that the structure is not the earliest-known lighthouse, but the earliest lighthouse whose original material remains.

Continue reading

Photo:  Frescoes in the Oecus at Villa di Popp…

Photo:  Frescoes in the Oecus at Villa di Poppaea feature trompe-l’oeil windows, doors, and painted columns.

🇹🇷 Oecus
Yunan ve Roma’da özel mülk olan evler içinde bulunan karşılama odası.

🇬🇧 Oecus

A reception room in a private Greek or Roman residence (domus).

http://www.archaeologs.com/w/oecus/

🇹🇷 MansioBüyük yolların kenarında düzenli …

🇹🇷 Mansio
Büyük yolların kenarında düzenli aralıklarla inşa edilmiş posta istasyonları ve hanlar. İlk olarak Persler tarafından oluşturulan bu sistem Romalılar tarafından uygulanmaya devam etmiştir.

🇬🇧 Mansio
A kind of Roman lodging-house. Communications throughout the Roman Empire were maintained by the provision along main roads of places to change horses (mutationes) and to stay overnight (mansiones).

http://www.archaeologs.com/w/mansio

Image: Corinthian Capital from the Temple of C…

Image: Corinthian Capital from the Temple of Castor and Pollux in the Roman Forum. From Hector d’Espouy’s Fragments Antiques (1905)

🇬🇧

Acanthus
Conventionalized representation of the leaf of the Acanthus spinosus plant, found on the lower parts of Corinthian and Composite capitals, and also used for enrichment of various elements in Classical architecture.

🇹🇷

Akantus

Eski Yunan’dan beri süsleme sanatlarında kullanılan bitkisel bir motif. Korinth ve kompozit başlıkların gövdesinde süsleme unsuru olarak kullanılırdı. Türkçe’de Akanthus ya da Akantus olarak yazılır. Türkçe’de yanlış olarak kenger diye adlandırılsa da tümüyle farklı bir bitkidir.

http://www.archaeologs.com/w/acanthus

🇹🇷 ObeliskMısır, Yunan, Roma ve diğer uyga…

🇹🇷 Obelisk
Mısır, Yunan, Roma ve diğer uygarlıklarda örneklerine rastlanan, bir olayın anısına ya da bir kimsenin onuruna dikilen, kabartmalarla veya yazılarla süslenmiş olabilen büyük boyutlu anıtsal taş. Tek parça taştan yontulmuş olabileceği gibi; kesme taşlardan inşa edilmiş örnekleri de vardır.

🇬🇧

Obelisk
Made by Egyptians, Greeks, Romans and other civilizations, a monumental stone erected in honor of a person or an event, adorned with reliefs or hieroglyphs. There are examples of one piece stone and cut stones.

http://www.archaeologs.com/w/obelisk

Baby Burial in Clay Pot Found in 1330s Church …

Baby Burial in Clay Pot Found in 1330s Church in Trapesitsa Fortress in Bulgaria’s Veliko Tarnovo

The baby burial in a clay pot is one of several dozens of late medieval funerals discovered by archaeologist Deyan Rabovyanov’s team inside and near Church No. 22 in the Trapesitsa Fortress of the late medieval Bulgarian capital Tarnovgrad. Photo: Archaeologist Deyan Rabovyanov via the Trud daily

An odd burial in which a very young child, or a baby, was buried inside a clay pot has been…

View On WordPress

Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site!